Abstract—Kitchen and food wastes discarded from the food
related premises contributes to the high proportion of organic
waste that end up in its landfill. The methane gas released
during the dumping of food waste at the landfills is unsafe
because the gas is flammable, and it is also a strong greenhouse
gas. To tackle this problem, efforts are necessary to reduce the
kitchen waste generated and to manage the disposal of waste
sustainably. However, for this initiative to be successful, the
owners and workers in food sector play an important role. The
main objective of this study was to evaluate the practice,
knowledge, and attitude of the food premises owners towards
managing the kitchen and food waste in the district of Bintulu,
Sarawak. Thus, a survey was conducted among 130 owners of
randomly selected food premises. The collected data showed
that food waste has the largest portion (46.7%) produced in
Bintulu compared to other MSW such as plastic, paper, glass,
metal, etc. Most respondents prefer to dump the food and
kitchen wastes into garbage bins (79.2%) rather than
composting (6.2%), donate, reuse, and recycle. This result
proved the importance of building a biogas plant for kitchen
and food waste since the respondents preferred to throw away
the leftover food rather than composting the food. It will also
help to propose appropriate treatment technologies to support
the National Solid Waste Management (SWM) Policy and
National Green Technology Policy for waste-to-wealth projects.
Index Terms—Food and kitchen waste, public practice, knowledge level, solid waste management, waste recovery.
Azira Sanusi, Nurul Husna Che Hamzah, Nor Shafinaz Azman, and Azizul Hakim Lahuri are with the Department of Science and Technology, Faculty of Humanities, Management and Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia (corresponding author: Azira Sanusi; email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Nozieana Khairuddin is with the Department of Science and Technology, Faculty of Humanities, Management and Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com). She is also with the Institut Ekosains Borneo, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Cite: Nurul Husna Che Hamzah, Azira Sanusi, Nozieana Khairuddin, Nor Shafinaz Azman, and Azizul Hakim Lahuri, "Public Practice, Knowledge and Attitude on Managing Kitchen and Food Wastes in Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 118-123, 2022.Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).