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IJESD 2021 Vol.12(10): 282-288 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2021.12.10.1352

Analyzing the Effect of Water Body on the Thermal Environment and Comfort at Indoor and Outdoor Spaces in Tropical University Campus

Farhadur Reza, Shoichi Kojima, and Wataru Ando

Abstract—Water bodies play a significant role in its surrounding thermal environment. Thermal comfort in university spaces is critical that affects the students’ health and performance as well as the staffs. This study investigated thermal environment and comfort near lakeside and non-lakeside tropical university spaces. Standard Effective Temperature (SET*) have been calculated using recorded air temperature, relative humidity, globe temperature, air velocity, clothing insulation and metabolic rate to evaluate the thermal comfort in outdoor and indoor spaces. The effects of weather parameters have been clearly visible on the comfort index. The calculated SET* values indicate that the outdoor thermal comfort near a lake is much closer to the standard comfort zone than non-lakeside outdoor space. In the case of indoor thermal comfort, however, slightly a different scenario has been observed. To achieve the desirable indoor thermal environment, some design considerations are recommended based on findings.

Index Terms—Thermal environment, thermal comfort, standard effective temperature (SET*), water body.

The author are with the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Saga University, Japan, on leave from the Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh (e-mail: farhadrezaurp@juniv.edu, shokjm@cc.saga-u.ac.jp, 20710001@edu.cc.saga-u.jp).

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Cite: Farhadur Reza, Shoichi Kojima, and Wataru Ando, "Analyzing the Effect of Water Body on the Thermal Environment and Comfort at Indoor and Outdoor Spaces in Tropical University Campus," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 282-288, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Google Scholar, CNKICrossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net