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IJESD 2021 Vol.12(6): 175-180 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2021.12.6.1337

Occurrence and Distribution of Hexachlorohexane (HCH) Concentration in Agricultural Soils in Albania Using Gas Chromatography

Armela Tafa, Iva Kertusha, and Ambra Xhafka

Abstract—Pesticides play an important role in agriculture to control or eliminate weeds, pests, insects and plant disease. Due to their wide usage in past years, pesticides are known as environmental pollutants. They can contaminate water, soil, biota and air. The objective of this study is to determine the occurrence and distribution of Hexachlorohexanes (HCH) isomers in soil samples. HCH are measured in soil samples collected from nine agricultural stations in Durres city in Albania. They are extracted using Soxhlet apparatus and Hexane as a solvent and analysed via GC–MS. The highest levels of HCH are detected in Station 8 due to the high agricultural activity in this area.

Index Terms—GC–MS, Hexachlorohexane, soil samples, Soxhlet apparatus.

Armela Tafa and Iva Kertusha are with College of Engineering and Technology, American University of the Middle East, Kuwait (e-mail: Armela.Tafa@ aum.edu.kw, Iva.Kertusha@aum.edu.kw).
Ambra Xhafka is with the Faculty of Natural Science, University of Tirana, Albania (e-mail: ambraxhafka@gmail.com).

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Cite: Armela Tafa, Iva Kertusha, and Ambra Xhafka, "Occurrence and Distribution of Hexachlorohexane (HCH) Concentration in Agricultural Soils in Albania Using Gas Chromatography," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 175-180, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Google ScholarCrossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net