Abstract— Soil contamination directly concerns the safety of food, ecological environment, public’s health and capacity of social sustainable development. According to China’s official report, the overall status of China’s soil environment is not good, about 16.1% of China's soil, 19.4% of its arable land, 10.4% of grassland, 10% of forest land and 34.9% of brownfields are polluted by heavy metals and pesticides and far beyond national pollution standards. It’s an urgent issue for China to curb continual deterioration of soil pollution and remediate contaminated soil as soon as possible to decrease harm on people’s health and ecological environment. In fact, China has also already accelerated related legislation, increased capital investment and technical development to remediate soil contamination and achieved some progress. However, due to all sorts of the constraints, whether soil management system or technical capacity for decontamination in China is relatively outdated, so there remains a lot of work need to be done. It isn’t unique to China, other developing countries, including Brazil, India and so on, are also facing similar problems. As the largest developing country in the world, China's experiences, lessons and approaches to solve soil problems could benefit other developing countries in process of industrialization and urbanization, so it’s a very meaningful job to deep analyze and study the current situation and countermeasures of China’s soil pollution. In this paper, the overall situation of China’s soil pollution is introduced, the concrete causes and hazards of China’s soil contamination are analyzed, and the suggestions and advice related to soil remediation are recommended in order to improve the status of soil contamination and enhance social sustainable capacity.
Index Terms— Soil pollution, soil protection, soil legislation, soil decontamination.
The author is with Sophia University, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Lihui Zhou, " Analysis of the Current Situation and Countermeasures of China’s Soil Contamination," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 292-297, 2020.Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).