Abstract—More recently, Qatar has undergone a remarkable
social and economic transformation in less than a generation.
Although Qataris have a historic connection to the sea, dating
back to the pearl diving days in the 19th century, the marine
environment requires many interventions to be managed in a
sustainable manner. Given the fact that coral reefs play an
important role in the coastal ecosystem in this peninsular state,
principles of environment sustainability should be undertaken
for this significant habitats along the Qatari shores. Local
pressures and climate change are among the most important
factors that have negatively affected Qatar's coral communities.
Other major threats result largely from human activities.
To achieve sustainable development that preserves the Environment is a core goal especially included in all recent development regimes in Qatar. A balance between development needs and protecting the environment represents the fourth pillar of Qatar National Vision 2030. An explicit reference is also documented in the two most recently adopted strategies of development. This study introduces a good opportunity for Qatar to position itself as a regional leader in the use of environmental management systems that integrate multiple partners in guiding and conserving coral reefs as part of valuable ecosystems as a right of future generations of Qatari nationals guaranteed by the country's sustainable development agenda. It defines 4-stage engagement framework that include 9 diverse stakeholders proposed to participate in the management of coral reef ecosystems, therefore, facilitate monitoring and enforcement, enhance understanding of system dynamics, improve management capacity to respond to shocks and disturbances, and facilitate teamwork.
Index Terms—Environmental sustainability, Qatar's national vision 2030, sustainable development goals, stakeholder participation.
Abdel-Samad M. Ali, Pedro Range, Mera Alnaimi, and Radhouan Ben-Hamadou are with Qatar University, Qatar (e-mail: email@example.com, Prange@qu.edu.qa, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Lucia Fanning is with Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Abdel-Samad M. Ali, Lucia Fanning, Pedro Range, Mera Alnaimi, and Radhouan Ben-Hamadou, "Towards Better Surveillance for Coral Ecosystems in Qatar: Stakeholder Engagement in EBM Approach," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 194-201, 2020.Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).