Abstract—The article deals with the issues of anthropogenic
impact on natural landscapes of the Baikal region through
mining and agricultural development of the region. A brief
description of environmental problems of the region is given,
the impact of human activities on the environment of the Baikal
region is assessed. The authors take into consideration specific
cases of harmful environmental management that can lead to
ecological disbalance and landscape degradation. In such a way,
the scale and nature of mining increased significantly in recent
years. In order to preserve the natural landscape, it is necessary
to carry out geological work with minimum losses, and perform
thorough environmental and geochemical expertise. In
agriculture, harsh natural conditions of Transbaikalia (sharp
continental climate, low rainfall) necessitate more efficient
farming methods – melioration, which is aimed at radical
improvement of land, however, fails at times.
Index Terms—Anthropogenic impact, Baikal region, ecological balance, landscape degradation, deforestation, wetlands, soil contamination.
O. A. Imetkhenov is with the Department of Ecology, Subsoil Use and Life Safety, East-Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russia (e-mail: email@example.com).
G. P. Dondukova and B. Ts. Dondukov are with the Department of Organization and Management of Scientific Researches, East-Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Oleg A. Imetkhenov, Galina P. Dondukova, and Bato Ts. Dondukov, "Ecological Analysis of Anthropogenic Impact on Natural Landscapes of the Baikal Region," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 54-61, 2020.Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).