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IJESD 2020 Vol.11(2): 54-61 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2020.11.2.1225

Ecological Analysis of Anthropogenic Impact on Natural Landscapes of the Baikal Region

Oleg A. Imetkhenov, Galina P. Dondukova, and Bato Ts. Dondukov

Abstract—The article deals with the issues of anthropogenic impact on natural landscapes of the Baikal region through mining and agricultural development of the region. A brief description of environmental problems of the region is given, the impact of human activities on the environment of the Baikal region is assessed. The authors take into consideration specific cases of harmful environmental management that can lead to ecological disbalance and landscape degradation. In such a way, the scale and nature of mining increased significantly in recent years. In order to preserve the natural landscape, it is necessary to carry out geological work with minimum losses, and perform thorough environmental and geochemical expertise. In agriculture, harsh natural conditions of Transbaikalia (sharp continental climate, low rainfall) necessitate more efficient farming methods – melioration, which is aimed at radical improvement of land, however, fails at times.

Index Terms—Anthropogenic impact, Baikal region, ecological balance, landscape degradation, deforestation, wetlands, soil contamination.

O. A. Imetkhenov is with the Department of Ecology, Subsoil Use and Life Safety, East-Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russia (e-mail: imetchenov@rambler.ru).
G. P. Dondukova and B. Ts. Dondukov are with the Department of Organization and Management of Scientific Researches, East-Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russia (e-mail: galina.dondukova11@gmail.com, dondukovb@gmail.com).

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Cite: Oleg A. Imetkhenov, Galina P. Dondukova, and Bato Ts. Dondukov, "Ecological Analysis of Anthropogenic Impact on Natural Landscapes of the Baikal Region," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 54-61, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), DOAJCrossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net