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IJESD 2020 Vol.11(1): 1-8 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2020.11.1.1217

Japan-Supported Biomass Energy Projects Technology Readiness and Distribution in the Emerging Southeast Asian Countries: Exercising the J-TRA Methodology and GIS

Andante Hadi Pandyaswargo, Da Pang, Issui Ihara, and Hiroshi Onoda

Abstract—Biomass is a promising energy resource for the Southeast Asian countries. There are currently many biomass related technology development projects taking place in the emerging countries of the region (Thailand, Indonesia, Viet Nam, Myanmar, Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos). In this paper, we investigate the critical characteristics of Japan-supported biomass energy technology development projects in those countries, specifically on; technology type, biomass feedstock type, the technology's readiness, and the geographical location. Information about the projects was collected from major Japanese organizations and Japanese private companies' websites. The results highlight the trends and direction of biomass energy conversion technology development in the region. Among them are the following: 1) Biorefinery is the most popular technology used in the development projects mainly in Thailand, 2) Boiler, Turbine, Generator (BTG) projects exist in all countries discussed in this study, 3) Agricultural residue from rice plantation and Oil Palm are the two most popular type of feedstocks used in the projects, 4) Most of the projects’ are still in “feasibility study” and “pilot demonstration” readiness levels.

Index Terms—Biomass projects, Japan, Southeast Asia, technology readiness.

A. H. Pandyaswargo, D. Pang, and H. Onoda are with the Waseda University, Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8555, Japan (e-mail: andante.hadi@aoni.waseda.jp, pangda0708@akane.waseda.jp, onoda@waseda.jp).
I. Ihara is with the Deloitte Tohmatsu Consulting LLC., Marunouchi Nijubashi Building, 3-2-3 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8361, Japan (e-mail: iihara@tohmatsu.co.jp).

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Cite: Andante Hadi Pandyaswargo, Da Pang, Issui Ihara, and Hiroshi Onoda, "Japan-Supported Biomass Energy Projects Technology Readiness and Distribution in the Emerging Southeast Asian Countries: Exercising the J-TRA Methodology and GIS," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Google ScholarCrossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net