IJESD 2019 Vol.10(12): 440-444 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2019.10.12.1213

Synergism and Antagonism among Indigenous Hydrolytic Bacteria from Biomedical Wastes for the Generation of Bacterial Consortium Used as Bioremediation Agent

Stalis Norma Ethica, Rifki Muslim, RM Bagus Irawan Widyawardhana, Akbar Firmansyah, Sakti Imam Muchlissin, and Sri Darmawati

Abstract—The key steps to develop bioremediation agent from indigenous group of hydrolytic bacteria include isolation of the bacteria from polluted site followed by evaluation on pathogenicity levels and interactions among the isolated strains. This study aimed to evaluate synergism and antagonism between non-pathogenic and pathogenic groups of hydrolytic bacteria isolated from liquid biomedical wastes of hospitals in Semarang. Interactions among indigenous, non-pathogenic, hydrolytic bacterial isolates i.e. Bacillus velezensis R1.3, B. amyloliquefaciens R1.6, B. amyloliquefaciens R1.14, B. velezensis R1.16, B. licheniformis R2.5, and B. amyloliquefaciens R2.9 and with 20 other pathogenic ones were evaluated using overlay and cross streak methods. Observation was based on the formation of inhibition zone as evidence of antagonistic interaction and the absence of this zone as proof of synergic interaction. As results, the 6 non-pathogenic isolates are all synergic among each other, yet antagonistic against most of the 20 pathogenic ones. As conclusion, the obtained 6 non-pathogenic isolates could be mixed as bacterial consortium and used as major component of bioremediation agent of liquid hospital waste.

Index Terms—Bioremediation agent, biomedical waste, hydrolytic bacteria, Semarang hospital.

Stalis Norma Ethica and Sri Darmawati were with the Medical Laboratory Technology Study Program, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, 50273, Indonesia. They are now with the Magister Program of Medical Laboratory Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, 50273, Indonesia (e-mail: norma@unimus.ac.id, ciciekdarma@unimus.ac.id).
Rifki Muslim was with Medical Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, 50273, Indonesia (e-mail: rs_roemani@yahoo.co.id).
RM Bagus Irawan Widyawardhana was with Mechanical Engineering Study program, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Semarang, 50273, Indonesia (e-mail: bagus@unimus.ac.id).
Akbar Firmansyah was with Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia (e-mail: akbarfirmansh@gmail.com).
Sakti Imam Muchlissin was with Magister of Marine Sciences Study Program, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia (e-mail: muchlissin@outlook.com).

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Cite: Stalis Norma Ethica, Rifki Muslim, RM Bagus Irawan Widyawardhana, Akbar Firmansyah, Sakti Imam Muchlissin, and Sri Darmawati, "Synergism and Antagonism among Indigenous Hydrolytic Bacteria from Biomedical Wastes for the Generation of Bacterial Consortium Used as Bioremediation Agent," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 440-444, 2019.

Copyright © 2019 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Crossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net