Abstract—As petrochemical industrial wastewater contains many recalcitrant compounds, the potential of hybrid biological reactors may present a resource to be tapped, especially in the actual operation of an industrial wastewater treatment facility such as Al-Wafra industrial wastewater treatment plant in Kuwait treating primarily petrochemical industry wastewater.
This paper examines possible scenarios for use of hybrid reactors in existing Al-Wafra industrial wastewater treatment plant to improve its efficiency due to loss of biomass in the activated sludge process caused by extreme conditions of the industrial wastewater it receives and its inhibitors. The main innovation in this study, the hybrid reactor was constructed using a biological carrier of the high surface area Random Packing type and was operated using real wastewater samples from Al-Wafra Industrial wastewater Treatment plant. The modalities of operation included high dissolved oxygen levels (4.0 mg/l), low dissolved oxygen levels (2.0 mg/l), and under ANNAMOX conditions.
Results revealed that stable biomass have developed on the support media of the hybrid biological reactor with attached to suspended biomass ratio exceeding 70% and improved efficiency of the first sequence (hybrid-to-ASP) process for TOC removal of 11-17% and 19-26% for the second sequence (ASP-to-hybrid) combination depending on the operating conditions. These results clearly reflect the unfavorable conditions for biodegradation after the primary chemical treatment at Al-Wafra plant.
In addition, the dominant bacterial species were identified as pseudomonas species favor less acidic environments which were achieved after the ASP. In terms of nitrification/denitrification, the process met the ammonia and total nitrogen Kuwait standards for irrigation water of 15 and 35 respectively.
Index Terms—Hybrid biological reactors, industrial wastewater, wastewater treatment.
The authors are with Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Water Research Center, Kuwait (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Mohd Elmuntasir Ahmed, Rashed Al-Yaseen, Andrzej Mydlarczyk, and Adel Al-Haddad, "Potential Use Scenarios of Hybrid Biological Reactor for Petrochemical Industry Wastewater Treatment," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 231-235, 2019.Copyright © 2019 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).