General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
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IJESD 2019 Vol.10(4): 104-109 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2019.10.4.1156

Preparation of Fly Ash Granules with Respect to Mine Filling

Anamika Masoom, Manish Kumar Jain, and Rayasam Venugopal
Abstract—The present study has focused on the bulk utilisation of fly ash at the mining sites for the purpose of back filling by agglomerating the fly ash fines with the help of suitable binder and water. The use of fly ash as a stowing material has been justified by studying the physical, morphological, chemical and geotechnical properties of the fly ash. Rheology of the fly ash slurry has also been studied which deduced consumption of lot of water during its hydraulic transportation. To overcome the drawbacks, spherical granules have been prepared with the help of a Disc Pelletizer in which the requisite amount of water and binder (lime) have been finalised as 35% and 30% by weight of the fly ash. Granules have been obtained at various combinations of disc speed (35, 40, 45 RPM) and disc inclination (42°, 45°, 48°) and each combination has been analysed for Green Compressive Strength and Drop Number. It has been concluded that the granules prepared at 45RPM and 45° inclination gave the best results. This utilisation of fly ash granules for the purpose of mine back filling could effectively replace sand which has been conventionally used by providing better flowability, compaction and permeability.

Index Terms—Agglomeration, binder, drop number, green compressive strength, pelletisation, rheology.

Anamika Masoom and Manish Kumar Jain are with the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, IIT (ISM), Dhanbad (e-mail:,
Rayasam Venugopal is with the Department of Fuel & Mineral Engineering, IIT (ISM), Dhanbad.


Cite: Anamika Masoom, Manish Kumar Jain, and Rayasam Venugopal, "Preparation of Fly Ash Granules with Respect to Mine Filling," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 104-109, 2019.

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