General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2018 Vol.9(7): 167-172 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2018.9.7.1094

An Agricultural Waste Based Composite to Replace or Reduce the Use of Plastics

Gordon Yu, Chih-Young Hung, and Hsin-Yun Hsu
Abstract—BioPlastics such as PLA has a few drawbacks among them incompatible with existing recycling stream and hence classified as “unrecyclable” in many countries; not truly biodegradable in natural conditions since it requires high temperature to decompose (>58oC); high impact to the environment for it’s high carbon footage production process; and competing to our food production for taking the corps as it’s feedstock. FPCTM presented in this paper resolves all the above difficulties by using agricultural waste which contains fiber as it’s main ingredient, mixed with proprietary CompatiblizerTM which is converted starch without adding any man-made chemicals, so FPCTM is inherently biodegradable and compostable, yet FPCTM can be mixed with almost any plastics in any percentage, making it exhibits no harm to the existing recycling system, such characteristics also make FPCTM to be an excellent binder to create new material from various recycled plastics including ocean plastic waste and textile waste.
Products using 100% FPCTM are not only biodegradable & compostable, but also a truly circular bioeconomy fashion without competing with our food source, while significantly reduce air pollution because the agricultural waste would otherwise be burned off; and in the meantime create high value since the processing of biomass is not targeted to obtained low-value calories through burning, but the replacement of petro-chemical products without causing long-term burden to our land and ocean.

Index Terms—FPCTM, bioeconomy, circular economy, agricultural waste processing, plastic replacement, sustainable agriculture, bioplastic.

Gordon Yu is with the eTouch Innovation Co. Ltd., Taiwan (e-mail:
Chih-Young Hung and Hsin-Yun Hsu are with National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan (e-mail:,


Cite: Gordon Yu, Chih-Young Hung, and Hsin-Yun Hsu, "An Agricultural Waste Based Composite to Replace or Reduce the Use of Plastics," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 167-172, 2018.

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