Abstract—The study examines the irrigation water quality
for North Sinai Development Project (NSDP). The water
resources investigated are agriculture wastewater mixed with
Nile freshwater in a ratio of 1:1. This study focuses on the
quality of irrigation water used in the reclamation and
cultivation of 75,000 acres of the South-East EL-Kantra Canal
lies in the NSDP. Six monitoring locations along the canal path
were chosen for examination. Water samples were collected
every month during the period from Dec. 2007 to Nov. 2014.
The water parameters were set using the Egyptian irrigation
water standards, based on the local Decree 92/2013 for the
Executive Regulation of Law 48/1982, concerning the protection
of the Nile River and its waterways from pollution, as well as
the United States Environmental Agency, USEPA 2012
Guidelines for reclaimed water quality for irrigation. The
results of the study clearly demonstrate restrictions to irrigate
the uncooked vegetables and uncooked crops for human. The
need for increasing the mixed Nile freshwater portion or
pretreatment of the agriculture wastewater prior to mixing
with the Nile freshwater to satisfy Egyptian irrigation water
standards and USEPA 2012 as several water quality results,
such as BOD, DO, and fecal coliform, are unacceptable. As a
suggestion, we recommend using aerated lagoons, stabilization
ponds or wetlands to treat polluted agriculture wastewater
before adding to the Nile river water to satisfy Egyptian
irrigation water criteria.
Index Terms—East South EL-Kantra Canal, agriculture wastewater, reuse, salinity, irrigation.
Mohamed Gabr is with Civil Engineering Department, High Institute for Engineering and Technology, New Damietta, Egypt (e-mail: email@example.com).
Medhat El-Zahar was with Port Said University, 42523, Port Said, Egypt. He is now with the Department of Civil Engineering, Giza Engineering Institute, El-moneb, Giza, Egypt (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Mohamed Gabr and Medhat El-Zahar, "Study of the Quality of Irrigation Water in South-East El-Kantara Canal, North Sinai, Egypt," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 142-146, 2018.