Abstract—Environmental impact assessment (EIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) are procedural tools for environmental management that identify, predict, evaluate and mitigate the environmental impact of development proposals or policies. Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) is a common analytical tool for environmental management. The use of the LCIA for the preparation of EIA and SEA reports clearly shows the causal linkage for hazard–pathway–receptor–damage and better determines the significance of the impact. Firstly, the use of the LCIA for EIA and SEA is studies. Eco-indicator 99, IMPACT 2002+ and ReCiPe are the LCIA tools used in this study. Finally, a Taiwanese naphtha cracking plant is used as the example for an EIA and the Taiwanese solid waste policy as the case study for a SEA, in order to demonstrate the use of the proposed methodology.
Index Terms—Environmental impact assessment, strategic environmental assessment, life cycle impact assessment.
K. F. R. Liu, S. Y. Chiu and P. C. Yeh are with the Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan 24301, ROC (e-mail: email@example.com).
J. Y. Kuo is with the Department of Science and Information Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 10608, ROC (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Kevin Fong-Rey Liu, Si-Yu Chiu, Po-Chung Yeh, and Jong-Yih Kuo, "Case Study of Using Life Cycle Impact Assessment in Environmental Impact Assessment," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no.11, pp. 849-856, 2015.