—Shipbuilding industry is one of the hardest metal industries with several chemical and hazardous material exposures. Most of the traditional production processes such as welding, painting, blasting and fiberglass production have direct impacts on workers’ health and safety as well as adverse effects on environment. A huge volume of wastes and pollutants is being released during shipbuilding and repairing processes which poses major risk on human health and environmental quality. Thus, this article highlights the current issues and challenges of green shipbuilding and recycling and also encompasses some initiatives and measures. This article is based on a comprehensive literature review related to the issues of green shipbuilding and recycling. The review discussed various aspects of green shipbuilding technology in order to green the industry through ensuring environment protection by reducing environmental pollution in ship manufacturing, service and breaking up. It is found that green shipbuilding and ship recycling contribute to minimize threats on human health, environmental and resource risks by reducing the pollution to air, water and soil; save resources; and improve economic and social benefits. Hence, several initiatives of green shipbuilding and recycling by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and other shipping industry players have also been discussed.
—Green recycling, green shipbuilding, issues and challenges, pollution reduction, save resources.
The authors are with the Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Aevelina Rahman and Md. Mashud Karim, "Green Shipbuilding and Recycling: Issues and Challenges," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no.11, pp. 838-842, 2015.