IJESD 2015 Vol.6(10): 785-789 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.699

Best Practices for Healthy Estuaries

Hassan Badkoobehi, Pradip Peter Dey, and Mohammad Amin

Abstract—The economy of coastline areas depends on the natural splendor of estuaries. When estuaries are improperly managed or polluted, long or short term damage to local economy or harm to local life forms can be caused. Estuaries are natural shelters for thousands of species such as birds, mammals, fish, crustaceans, insects, reptiles, and amphibians. The delicate balance of these life forms in estuaries requires careful planning for the benefit of all. The commercial value of estuaries is very important; recreational activities that people enjoy like boating, kayaking, windsurfing, swimming, bird-watching and fishing are marketable. Estuaries are national treasures with vital community and ecological resources. Years of estuarine environmental studies have produced extensive results that merit consideration. This study reviews research results from various sources and suggests best strategies for maintaining healthy estuaries in the current socioeconomic conditions. The main hypothesis is that many estuaries can be restored to their original healthy status in a cost effective manner with restoration or prevention plans suggested in published studies.

Index Terms—Environment, pollution, sustainability, wildlife.

The authors are with National University, School of Engineering and Computing, 3678 Aero Court, San Diego, CA 92123, USA (e-mail: hbadkoob@nu.edu, pdey@nu.edu, mamin@nu.edu).

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Cite:Hassan Badkoobehi, Pradip Peter Dey, and Mohammad Amin, "Best Practices for Healthy Estuaries," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no.10, pp. 785-789, 2015.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Crossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net