General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2015 Vol.6(9): 676-680 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.679

The Compliance of Ecological Design on Public Buildings on the University Campus Environment in Malaysia

M. Zainora Asmawi and Abdul Razak Abd Aziz
Abstract—The concern for the natural and built environment has become crucial in relation to the concept of sustainable development. Literatures show that the ecological design (ED) concept has produced positive results in supporting the achievement of sustainable development, though it faces many challenges amongst public and other stakeholders of its importance towards a green environment. This research attempts to seek the level of the ED compliance in the Putra University of Malaysia campus. The objectives are: (1) to determine the present ED features that are being practised in education building in the campus; and (2) to identify the level of compliance of ED variables in the campus. An observation survey of 23 selected buildings within the campus was conducted, based on a set of pre-determined five variables and its sub-variables in determining the level of compliance to ED. The results demonstrated that the level was relatively moderate, and many buildings failed to comply with some variables of ED. It is concluded that the research has met its outlined objectives in which the findings demonstrate that the level of ED compliance in the campus can be considered as moderate.

Index Terms—Ecological design, university campus, Selangor, sustainable development.

M. Z. Asmawi is with the International Islamic University, Malaysia (e-mail: zainora@
A. R. A. Aziz is with Saujana Rekabina, Malaysia (e-mail:


Cite:M. Zainora Asmawi and Abdul Razak Abd Aziz, "The Compliance of Ecological Design on Public Buildings on the University Campus Environment in Malaysia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 676-680, 2015.

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