Abstract—The construction industry is seriously contributing
to waste disposal due to the rapid development of construction
industry. Weaknesses in the implementation on solid waste
reduction through 3R among contractors in the construction
industry will cause unsustainable construction waste
management. This has increased construction waste in landfills,
especially island areas where limited of land for waste disposal
activities. This paper aimed to study the implementation on solid
waste reduction through 3R NSWM Policy among contractors
in the construction industry in Penang, Malaysia and elements
to close gap between policy and contractors. This paper
conducted by the semi-structured interview, questionnaire
survey and participant observation. The respondents consisted
of officers Municipal Council and CIDB in Penang and 61
contractors registered under CIDB located in Penang. The
results show that solid waste reduction through 3R is currently
ineffective and has limited implementation in the construction
industry in Penang. Furthermore, most respondents revealed
that law enforcement, implementation among contractors and
awareness are the elements that appropriate to close gap
between the policy and contractors. Construction waste should
be managed through the 3R as it is sustainable. Thus, all parties
involved should be aware and emphasize the 3R concept for
reducing the construction waste disposal.
Index Terms—Policy implementation, construction waste, 3R, elements close gap.
L. S. Ng, T. W. Seow, and K. C. Goh are with the Faculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:L. S. Ng, T. W. Seow, and K. C. Goh, "Implementation on Solid Waste Reduction through 3R (NSWM Policy) and Elements to Close Gap between Policy and Contractors in Construction Industry in Penang," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 668-675, 2015.