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IJESD 2015 Vol.6(9): 668-675 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.678

Implementation on Solid Waste Reduction through 3R (NSWM Policy) and Elements to Close Gap between Policy and Contractors in Construction Industry in Penang

L. S. Ng, T. W. Seow, and K. C. Goh

Abstract—The construction industry is seriously contributing to waste disposal due to the rapid development of construction industry. Weaknesses in the implementation on solid waste reduction through 3R among contractors in the construction industry will cause unsustainable construction waste management. This has increased construction waste in landfills, especially island areas where limited of land for waste disposal activities. This paper aimed to study the implementation on solid waste reduction through 3R NSWM Policy among contractors in the construction industry in Penang, Malaysia and elements to close gap between policy and contractors. This paper conducted by the semi-structured interview, questionnaire survey and participant observation. The respondents consisted of officers Municipal Council and CIDB in Penang and 61 contractors registered under CIDB located in Penang. The results show that solid waste reduction through 3R is currently ineffective and has limited implementation in the construction industry in Penang. Furthermore, most respondents revealed that law enforcement, implementation among contractors and awareness are the elements that appropriate to close gap between the policy and contractors. Construction waste should be managed through the 3R as it is sustainable. Thus, all parties involved should be aware and emphasize the 3R concept for reducing the construction waste disposal.

Index Terms—Policy implementation, construction waste, 3R, elements close gap.

L. S. Ng, T. W. Seow, and K. C. Goh are with the Faculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia (e-mail: leeshan3122@gmail.com, tawee@uthm.edu.my, kaichen@uthm.edu.my).

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Cite:L. S. Ng, T. W. Seow, and K. C. Goh, "Implementation on Solid Waste Reduction through 3R (NSWM Policy) and Elements to Close Gap between Policy and Contractors in Construction Industry in Penang," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 668-675, 2015.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), DOAJCrossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net