General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
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IJESD 2015 Vol.6(7): 551-554 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.655

Properties of Oil Sorbent Material Produced From Kenaf Fiber

Ridwan Shamsudin, Hanisom Abdullah, and Som Cit Sinang
Abstract—Oil spills have tremendous effects on environment, ecology, economy, and the society as a whole. There are several techniques being used for oil spill cleanup i.e in-situ burning of oil, mechanical tools (booms and skimmers), chemical dispersants, steam flushing and also by using natural fibers as sorbents. In this research, oil sorbent material was produced from kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) fibers. Three sorbent materials were made from of various fiber particle sizes and tested for their oil absorbent properties. The results showed that sorbent produced from a 1.70 cm2-sized kenaf fibers achieved the highest absorption value of 8.2327 g/g and saturation value of 0.0385 N/Mins respectively. In this study, the 1.70 cm2-sized sorbent also demonstrated the strongest fiber bonding compared to those of 0.04 cm2-sized and 0.80 cm2-sized sorbents. This was confirmed by microstructure analysis conducted using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The oil sorbent materials produced in this study were found to have superior absorption value compared to other fiber-based oil sorbents such as Sisal (Agave sisalana), Coir (Cocos nucifera) and loofa sponge (Luffa cylindrica).

Index Terms—Sorbent materials, kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L., oil spill.

Ridwan Shamsudin is with Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia (e-mail:
Hanisom Abdullah and Som Cit Sinang are with the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia (e-mail:,


Cite:Ridwan Shamsudin, Hanisom Abdullah, and Som Cit Sinang, "Properties of Oil Sorbent Material Produced From Kenaf Fiber," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 551-554, 2015.

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