—In this study Moringa oleifera leaves (biosorbent) is used for Cadmium (II) removal from water as a natural alternative for synthetic sorbents. Synthetic water was used to find optimum conditions for water treatment using biosorbent. The effect of biosorbent dosage and particle size, contact time, and pH effect were studied. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) was used to monitor the Cd (II) concentration before and after treatment with biosorbent. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to monitor biosorbent structure changes before and after loading with Cd (II). Many parameters were studied such as: dosage of biosorbent (1 – 10 g/L), contact time (2 – 20 min), particle size (2 mm, 1 mm, 500 μm, 250 μm, and <250 μm), pH range (4-10), and Cd (II) concentrations (1, 3, 5, and 7 ppm). The statistical analysis of studied parameters showed that all parameters has an effect on Cd (II) removal with p values <0.05 except pH. FTIR result showed changes in the finger print area of biosorbent functional groups due to adsorption of Cd (II). As a conclusion, Moringa oleifera leaves can be used as an effective, low cost, and environmentally friendly biosorbent for the removal of Cd (II) from water.
—Biosorption, Cadmium (II), Moringa oleifera, water treatment.
Eman N. Ali is with the Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Sabreen R. Alfarra is with Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
Mashita Mohd Yusoff and Md Lutfor Rahman are with the Faculty of Industrial Sciences &Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
Cite:Eman N. Ali, Sabreen R. Alfarra, Mashita Mohd Yusoff, and Md Lutfor Rahman, "Environmentally Friendly Biosorbent from Moringa Oleifera Leaves for Water Treatment," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 165-169, 2015.