General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2015 Vol.6(2): 128-132 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.574

Photocatalytic Degradation of 2, 4-D and Transition of Endocrine Disruptive Activity Using Transcriptome Based Bioassay in Zebrafish Embryos

A. Saeed, I. Hashmi, H. R. Habibi, L. Yu, and G. Achari
Abstract—2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) is one of the most widely used halogenated agricultural chemicals around the world and a well known endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC). TiO2 based photocatalytic degradation of 2, 4-D was carried out and residual endocrine disruptive (ED) activity was determined by an in vivo model of zebrafish embryos exposed to various concentrations of 2, 4-D and its degraded products from 5 hpf (hours post fertilization) to 72 hpf. Quantitative Real Time PCR was carried out to determine the relative expression of Heat shock protein (HSP70) and Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) genes of zebrafish using ß-actin as housekeeping gene. HSP 70 expression increased at 150 μg/L 2, 4-D concentration while the expression was significantly lowered after its photocatalytic degradation. GPX expression was not significantly altered. The results reveal the validity of HSP gene affected by 2, 4-D exposure and some probability of toxic potential of byproducts formed during its degradation.

Index Terms—2, 4-D, endocrine disruption, photocatalysis, zebrafish embryos.

A. Saeed and I. Hashmi are with Institute of Environmental Science & Engineering (IESE), School of Civil & Environmental Engineering (SCEE), National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan (e-mail: asmasaeed@iese.nust.edu.pk, imranhashmi@iese.nust.edu.pk).
H. R. Habibiis is with the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N. W. Calgary, Alberta T3B 2V4, Canada(e-mail: habibi@ucalgary.ca).
L. Yu and G. Achari are with the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W. Calgary, Alberta T3B 2V4, Canada (e-mail: Linyu@ucalgary.ca, gachari@ucalgary.ca).

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Cite:A. Saeed, I. Hashmi, H. R. Habibi, L. Yu, and G. Achari, "Photocatalytic Degradation of 2, 4-D and Transition of Endocrine Disruptive Activity Using Transcriptome Based Bioassay in Zebrafish Embryos," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 128-132, 2015.

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