General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2015 Vol.6(1): 34-39 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.557

Impact Assessment of Increasing Population in Suburban Areas on Water Quality — A Case Study in Kitwe Township-Zambia

Sydney Sichilima, Cuthbert Makondo, and Cosmas Lungu
Abstract—Zambia’s urban population is growing dramatically, driven by perceptions of better economic opportunities, infrastructure and services in urban areas. Water supply services, sanitation and other social amenities provision in urban areas like Lusaka, Kitwe, Livingstone and Ndola are getting overwhelmed and growth gauging from poorly planned residential settlements, growing energy demand, housing, poor road infrastructure accompanied by traffic jams have compounded the failure by local authorities and utility firms to cope with the demands of the rapidly increasing population. Due to high public demand for water, the water supply commercial utility companies fail to meet the consumption demand. It is from this view point that this research was conducted. The main objective was to assess the impact of increasing population on water quality in Kitwe - Zambia. It has been concluded that both surface and groundwater is being polluted due to anthropogenic activities in the concerned town. The findings also point to that fact that water quality can be affected by increasing population.

Index Terms—Groundwater, pollution, population growth, surface water, water quality.

The authors are with the Copperbelt University, P.O Box 21692, Kitwe, Zambia (e-mail:,,


Cite:Sydney Sichilima, Cuthbert Makondo, and Cosmas Lungu, "Impact Assessment of Increasing Population in Suburban Areas on Water Quality — A Case Study in Kitwe Township-Zambia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 34-39, 2015.

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