—Recently, the underuse of wildlife and the increase in wildlife population due to decreased hunting have led to serious problems in both rural and urban areas. Traditional conservation methods are no longer applicable in such situations. The main purpose of this paper is, therefore, to explore ways to cope with increases in wildlife population and related issues, especially in urban areas. First, we present an overview of the current status of wildlife in urban areas, and examine why wildlife appears in cities. Then, after reviewing current expectations from compact cities through a comparison of Japan and western countries, we examine additional requirements for compact cities and depict possible future visions. Currently, the main objectives in establishing compact cities are sustainability and the prevention of population decline in local cities. We assert that when current cities are transformed into compact cities, consideration should be given to returning some space to wildlife whose habitats were altered when the cities were developed. We affirm that it is possible to ensure some space for wildlife. One possible use of reclaimed areas is as wildlife corridors, which should be distinguished from green space for residents. Former vegetation should be restored and continuous corridors secured, with recognition of the value of wildlife.
—Compact city, coexistence, conflict, underuse, urban wildlife.
Y. Kawata is with the Department of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada-cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Yukichika Kawata, "Need for Sustainability and Coexistence with Wildlife in a Compact City," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 357-361, 2014.