General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
    • E-mail:
    • Twitter: @IJESD1
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
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IJESD 2014 Vol.5(3): 270-273 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2014.V5.490

Rapid Detection of Heavy Metals with the Response of Carotenoids in Daucus Carota

Ling Shing Wong and Chieh Wean Choong
Abstract—In this paper, a rapid detection method for heavy metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) is reported. The method was based on the response of natural cell-bounded carotenoids in Daucus carota to short term exposure of heavy metals. The cells were cultured for 90 days in dark. The presence of carotenoids in cells was confirmed spectrometrically with optical density (OD) measured at λ= 450 nm. The responses of the cells to 0.01, 0.10, and 1.00 ppm of heavy metals were confirmed by the increase of OD after the short term exposure, with the lowest detection were recorded at 0.01, 0.10, and 0.01 ppm respectively. The OD increase might be a result of the synthesis of carotenoids, which was probably triggered by the increase of oxidative stress. With an average optimum response time of 40 minutes, the cell could be potentially utilized in biosensor.

Index Terms—Biosensor, Daucus carota, natural cell-bounded carotenoids, heavy metal.

L. S. Wong and C. W. Choong are with Inti International University, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. They are also with the Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (e-mail:,


Cite:Ling Shing Wong and Chieh Wean Choong, "Rapid Detection of Heavy Metals with the Response of Carotenoids in Daucus Carota," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 270-273, 2014.

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