—Most of the power and freshwater needs in the Middle East are met by the desalination of seawater. With approximately 11 million m3 of freshwater being produced each day, the salinity of the seawater along the Gulf coast is increasing. This increase in salinity combined with higher sea surface temperatures is a big environmental challenge. However, continuous monitoring has highlighted that the acidifying Gulf water is utilizing this increased salinity to balance the pH, thus saving detrimental effect on the ecology of the region. The effect of desalination is more severe on receptors including corals, and fisheries. Elevated levels of strontium have been measured in the Gulf as a result of its hypersalinity.
—Strontium, hyper salinity, corals, fisheries.
S. Uddin is with the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat, 13109, KUWAIT (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Saif Uddin, "Environmental Impacts of Desalination Activities in the Arabian Gulf," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 114-117, 2014.