—Industrial development has been defined as the
key development paradigm in Vietnam which brings to the
country both opportunity and challenge. Although economic
growth has been introduced to Danang city since the Hoa
Khanh Industrial Zone (HKIZ) was set up, local communities
around the HKIZ, such as Hong Phuoc village - the study sites
have become more vulnerable due to the industrialization
process. In the research, observations, in-depth interviews and
focus group discussions were used to collect primary data. The
study founds that the community is vulnerable because the
HKIZ has made them lack access to local resources, such as
livable space, land resources, job and diversity sources of
income. The community health is at risk while they lack access
to the better healthcare systems. Therefore, the development of
industrial activities has given little priority to the maintenance
of local livelihoods.
—Social vulnerability, industrialization,
pollution, community development.
Pham Thi Bich Ngoc is with Geography Department, University of Social
Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City
(e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ).
Cite:Pham Thi Bich Ngoc, "Mechanism of Social Vulnerability to Industrial Pollution in Peri-Urban Danang City, Vietnam," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 37-44, 2014.