—Various research groups are on the way to develop
cutting edge techniques for the production of environmental
friendly fuels based on new green energy sources . Bio-fuels
have potential to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2)
and can help to overcome the global warming issue.
Agricultural wastes and edible- oils are potential raw material
for the production of energy and biodiesel. Extensive work has
been reported on the characterization of agro-wastes and
rapeseed oils for the production of fuel palettes and synthetic
bio-diesel respectively. The cellulosic materials are generally
been used for the production of bio ethanol. The present paper
reports the effect of key reaction parameters such as Ethanol/oil
ratio, reaction time, catalyst concentration, temperature, type
of alkaline catalyst on the yield of the bio-diesel from rape seed
oil and ethanol at different operating conditions. The results
indicate that ethanol/oil ratio is the most significant reaction
parameters on yield. Increase in concentration of ethanol/oil
ratio enhances the bio diesel production whereas enhanced
catalyst (KOH, NaOH) concentration has negative impact on
the yield of bio-diesel.
—Renewable energy, bio-diesel, ethanol,
rapeseed oil, reaction conditions, catalysts.
Muhamamd Shahbaz, Muhamamd Suleman Tahir, Muhamamd Ajaz
Ahamd, and Adeel Akram are with Faculty of Engineering, University of
Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan. (e-mail: Muhammad_shahbaz@uog.edu.pk,
Muhammad Asif Rasheed is with the royal institute of technology
Stockholm Sweden (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:M. Shahbaz, M. A. Rasheed, M. S. Tahir, M. A. Ahmed, and Adeel Ikram, "A Parametric Study on the Production of Bio Fuels from Rapeseed Oil," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 613-616, 2013.