General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, DOAJ, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
    • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2013 Vol.4(6): 613-616 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.424

A Parametric Study on the Production of Bio Fuels from Rapeseed Oil

M. Shahbaz, M. A. Rasheed, M. S. Tahir, M. A. Ahmed, and Adeel Ikram
Abstract—Various research groups are on the way to develop cutting edge techniques for the production of environmental friendly fuels based on new green energy sources [1]. Bio-fuels have potential to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) and can help to overcome the global warming issue. Agricultural wastes and edible- oils are potential raw material for the production of energy and biodiesel. Extensive work has been reported on the characterization of agro-wastes and rapeseed oils for the production of fuel palettes and synthetic bio-diesel respectively. The cellulosic materials are generally been used for the production of bio ethanol. The present paper reports the effect of key reaction parameters such as Ethanol/oil ratio, reaction time, catalyst concentration, temperature, type of alkaline catalyst on the yield of the bio-diesel from rape seed oil and ethanol at different operating conditions. The results indicate that ethanol/oil ratio is the most significant reaction parameters on yield. Increase in concentration of ethanol/oil ratio enhances the bio diesel production whereas enhanced catalyst (KOH, NaOH) concentration has negative impact on the yield of bio-diesel.

Index Terms—Renewable energy, bio-diesel, ethanol, rapeseed oil, reaction conditions, catalysts.

Muhamamd Shahbaz, Muhamamd Suleman Tahir, Muhamamd Ajaz Ahamd, and Adeel Akram are with Faculty of Engineering, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan. (e-mail: Muhammad_shahbaz@uog.edu.pk, drsuleman.tahir@uog.edu.pk, ajaz.ahmad@uog.edu.pk, adeel.ikram@uog.edu.pk).
Muhammad Asif Rasheed is with the royal institute of technology Stockholm Sweden (e-mail: tanoli_asif@hotmail.com).

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Cite:M. Shahbaz, M. A. Rasheed, M. S. Tahir, M. A. Ahmed, and Adeel Ikram, "A Parametric Study on the Production of Bio Fuels from Rapeseed Oil," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 613-616, 2013.

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