Abstract—Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. The structure, morphology and magnetic properties of as-prepared were characterized by X Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X Ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The result of XRD characterization was indicated Fe3O4 as the product. SEM and TEM image of the Fe3O4 showed nanoparticles Fe3O4 have the mean diameter 5-20 nm. The EDS spectra showed strong peaks of Fe and O. Magnetic characteristic of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was indicated super paramagnetic properties. The saturation magnetic was 89.46 emu g-1. Therefore, the nanoparticles Fe3O4 is suitable to remove dye in the water by a simple magnetic separation process. The optimum adsorption occurred at initial concentration of procion dye 100 mg L-1, pH solution 6, dosage of Fe3O4 0.8 g L-1 and contact time 30 minutes under room temperature with color removal 24.40 % and adsorption capacity was 30.503 mg g-1.
Index Terms—Fe3O4 nanoparticles, co-precipitation, adsorption, dye
Poedji Loekitowati Hariani and Muhammad Faizal are with the Chemistry Department, University of Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia (email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com).
Ridwan is with the National Nuclear Energy Agency, Tangerang Selatan 15314, Indonesia (email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Marsi is with Agrotechnology Department, University of Sriwijaya, Palembang 30139, Indonesia (email: email@example.com).
Dedi Setiabudidaya is with the Physics Department, University of Sriwijaya, Palembang 30139, Indonesia (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Poedji Loekitowati Hariani, Muhammad Faizal, Ridwan, Marsi, and Dedi Setiabudidaya, "Synthesis and Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles by Co-precipitation Method to Removal Procion Dye," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 336-340, 2013.