Abstract—The aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of a recycled rayon waste-kapok mixtures as an oil sorbent for the removal of diesel, motor oil and bunker C. The effects of the kapok fibers: rayon fibers ratio and the additional of sodium sulfate on RRWK sorbents properties were investigated through series of oil sorption tests. The ASTM 726-06 method was used to determine the oil sorption capacity of the sorbents under both static and dynamic conditions. The results showed the high sorption capacity of the recycled rayon waste-kapok mixture for difference kinds of oil. Oil, which has a high viscosity, tends to have a higher oil sorption ratio. RRWK sorbents had higher oil sorption capacity than commercial polypropylene. The presence of kapok fibers in RRWK increases the hydrophobicity and oil sorption capacity of the sorbents while the presence of rayon fibers improves the strength of the sorbents. The additional of sodium sulfate during sorbent preparation increases the surface area and pore size of RRWK sorbent and thus improves the oil sorption capacity. It can be concluded that RRWK, which can be produced by utilizing industrial waste, is effective low cost, environmentally friendly oil sorbent with comparable performance to commercial products.
Index Terms—Recycled rayon waste-kapok mixtures, oil sorbent, kapok fiber, rayon fibers, polypropylene, oil spill.
Chaowalit Senanurakwarkul is with Technopreneurship and Innovation Management program, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand (e-mail: Chaowalit.email@example.com).
Panadda Kongsricharoen, Darathip Pejprom and Sutha Khaodhiar are with Department of Environmental Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand (e-mail: Panadda.k.p@Student.chula.ac.th; Darathip.p@Student.chula.ac.th; Sutha.firstname.lastname@example.org).
Supawan Tantayanon is with Department of Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, Center of Petroleum and Advanced Material, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand, Technopreneurship and Innovation Management, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. (e-mail: Supawan.email@example.com).
Cite:Chaowalit Senanurakwarkul, Panadda Khongsricharoen, Darathip Pejprom, Supawan Tantayanon, and Sutha Khaodhiar, "Effects of the Composition and the Preparation Methods on Oil Sorption Capacity of Recycled Rayon Waste-Kapok Mixtures (RRWK) Sorbent," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 246-250, 2013.