General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2013 Vol.4(2): 88-93 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.311

Combined Biological and Advanced Oxidation Treatment Processes for COD and Color Removal of Sewage Water

C. T. Mehmood, A. Batool, and I. A. Qazi
Abstract—Wastewater (WW) generation is inevitable in rapidly growing and urbanizing societies resulting in significant damage to the quality and quantity of fresh water resources. The study was intended to harness the reuse potential of sewage WW using integrated wastewater treatment process. Composite sample of sewage WW was collected from inlet of sewage wastewater treatment plant. The WW sample was batch wise subjected to activated sludge process (ASP), ozonation, UV irradiation, H2O2 oxidation and sand filtration separately for different time intervals (i.e. 0 to 60 min) and concentrations of H2O2 (0.1 to 1.0 mlL-1), followed by the integration of all the processes at their optimum conditions. Batch experiments were performed in pyrex containers using 1.5L sample except for ASP that is 20L. Efficiencies were measured in terms of COD, color and TSS removal along with changes in pH and temperature. Biological diversity of WW was also determined using cultural techniques followed by biochemical tests. Color reduction was much higher and faster than COD in all the tested treatment processes. Ozonation was the fastest process to remove 78% color in 30 minutes however, ASP was more economical for the same efficiency but requires high hydraulic retention time (HRT). Increase in UV irradiation time reduced COD and color by 54 and 69% after 60min respectively. Sand filter efficiently removed 97% TSS with marginal reduction in COD. Integration of 4 hr ASP, 24 min ozonation and 10 min UV exposure with 1 ml L-1 H2O2 dose yielded 98 and 100% COD and Color reduction respectively.

Index Terms—Advanced oxidation, COD, color, sewage water.

Ch. Tahir Mehmood and Ishtaiaq A. Qazi are with the Institute of Environmental Sciences of Engineering (IESE), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering (SCEE), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan (e-mail:;
Aniqa Batool is with PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan (e-mail:


Cite:C. T. Mehmood, A. Batool, and I. A. Qazi, "Combined Biological and Advanced Oxidation Treatment Processes for COD and Color Removal of Sewage Water," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 88-93, 2013.

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